The Top 10 Programming Language you can use to Write Smart Contract

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The fact that we can have a platform that permits distributed hosting and DApps (decentralised applications) is life changing, coupled with the fact that it is also a site where business models play out in a platform-agnostic manner. 

Simply put, smart contracts can be referred to as programs stored on the blockchain that can only work when specific conditions are met. Smart contracts can carry out all types of transactions on the blockchain, and the fact that these transactions are written in code is one thing they all have in common.

These days, when writing smart contracts, developers use different programming languages, and some of these languages are more acceptable than others. Here are our top 10 choices. 


Yul is a coding language that is used to solve various problems in the backend. This programming language was designed to be the intermediary between Eswam and the Ethereum virtual machine.


  • Even if the codes from Yul are obtained from solidity, it is simple and easily readable by people.
  • This programming language is accessible to beginners because it uses simple language to build small contracts.


Rust has been on the most loved programming language list compiled by Stack Overflow Surveys for five consecutive years.

Unlike Solidity, Rust is a low-level programming language that features an efficient memory, high processing speed, and clarity. The way it is programmed permits you to edit and make changes when there’s a need for one. Rust also has good editing and development work.

Benefits of Writing Smart Contract using Rust

  • The Rust programming language offers an ideal framework for developing decentralized applications and smart contracts due to its exceptional predictability.
  • Because Rust is a low-level programming language, creating decentralized applications and building smart contracts is easy when using rust.


Since the birth of blockchain, the rate at which this multi-purpose programming language is used in building smart contracts has  increased over the years. JavaScript is also an entry-level programming language that has created a medium for novices to join the ecosystem and create unique products simultaneously.

The blockchain developer community is tasked with the development of web3.js. With the compilation of several libraries, you can interact with Ethereum smart contracts using HTTPS and WebSocket.  

Benefits of writing smart contracts with Javascript;

  • Compared to other programming languages Javascript offers faster speeds. With JavaScript, you will surely enjoy the rapid speed of development time.
  • JavaScript has sufficient community support. What this means for rookie developers is that when they get stuck, they can always get support from the community.


This high-level coding language was made to apply smart contracts on different blockchains. It was developed by Alex Beregszaszi, and Christian Reitwiessner, who both also had a hand in developing the ETH blockchain.

The programs compiled by Solidity are expected to be checked on the EVM. The EVM is seen as a  system that gets its value from the connection of multiple computers.

JavaScript, Python, and C++ significantly impact Solidity, but its main focus is the Ethereum virtual machine. Solidity is the first language that must be learned by anyone who wants to be fully involved in the profession of building smart contracts or starting initial Coin Offerings.

It is the first language built with the main aim of creating smart contracts. With its coming of age, it is now used to build many decentralized apps. Because of its role in building Ethereum smart contracts, this programming language is now recognized as the crypto industry’s de facto standard for developing blockchain smart contracts.

Pros of deploying Smart Contract with Solidity

  • Solidity is used to implement all implementable functions. This means solidity is not restricted to just implementing a few algorithms.
  • Solidity implements ideas and rules that are mostly found in older languages, simplifying the process for developers to use new solidity languages.


C++ is an all-purpose programming language. It was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup to assist in advancing the C programming language. Thanks to this all-platform language, applications can be created on different platforms. If you want to build smart contracts on the EOS blockchain, C++ is highly recommended.  


• Because of its versatility, the language works on different computer systems.

• Its syntax is recognized among developers


Before changing the name to Golang, this programming language was formerly GO. Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson, developed this language at Google. Go, and C programming languages are similar, so they function alike. Function like writing lightweight computer programs.


  • Golang is a collected coding language
  • Golang is relatively easy to learn
  • It is a fast programming language


This new programming language permits the implementation of small contracts on Bitcoin. This new language builds small contracts on the stacks 2.0 network. The connection between clarity intelligent contracts and Bitcoin is made possible by the stacks 2.0 network, which allows smart contracts to function depending on the Bitcoin blockchain activity. Clarity features include predictability, absence of compiler and more.


• Clarity is Turing-incomplete on purpose. This gives room for a detailed study of the whole call graph.

• Once the parentheses have been mastered, understanding, writing, and reading the syntax come easy.


Java is also a smart contract-writing language, and the demand for Java among developers is exceptionally high. The structure and syntax were imported exclusively from the C++ programming language.

Benefits of using Java include

  • Java is straightforward to learn
  • Writing in Java is easier
  • It allows the writing of reusable codes


This language  is very similar to the Python programming language, and EVM is its target. Its features are unique, and they are peculiar to smart contracts. Some of these features are; global constants, custom global variables, etc. Sometimes, security issues may arise in Solidity; for this purpose was vyper developed. It was invented not to overshadow solidity but rather to complement it.


  • You can easily read this programming language.
  • Vyper has a distinctive feature which is the fact that it’s not prone to attacks; it is a secured programming language.


Python is an explained high-level, all-purpose programming language carefully developed to help programmers read codes.


  • Python is straightforward, and this feature makes writing smart contract codes straightforward.
  • It  features an extensive library support


Udemy is an excellent space to learn these online courses for free. Having shared the top 10 programming languages to write smart contracts with you, if you found this vlog exciting and would like to read more, kindly sign up for our newsletter to be informed when new posts are updated.

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